Huntingdon was founded by the Anglo-Saxons and Danes. It prospered successively as a bridging point of the Great Ouse River, as a market town, and in the 18th and 19th centuries as a coaching centre. The town has a well preserved medieval bridge that used to serve as the main route of Ermine Street over the river. The bridge only ceased to be the sole crossing point to Godmanchester in 1975, with the advent of what is now the A14 bypass.

Its valuable trading position was secured by the now-vanished Huntingdon Castle. The site is now a Scheduled Ancient Monument, and is home to a beacon used to commemorate the 400th anniversary of the Spanish Armada.

The Huntingdon constituency has been represented by two exceptionally famous members of parliament: Oliver Cromwell in the 17th century and Prime Minister John Major in the 20th. It is currently represented by Conservative MP Jonathan Djanogly.

Modern industry includes many successful IT specialist companies, benefiting from proximity to Cambridge and the ‘Silicon Fen’ and Lola Cars who marked their 50th Anniversary in 2009 and continue to triumph in international competitions such as the Le Mans 24hr endurance race.

The town has and is undergoing major reconstruction with new regional law courts and the new offices of Huntingdonshire District Council.